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Joint NGO Letter to International Criminal Court States Parties

New York, 28 April 2020

Your Excellency,

We, the undersigned organizations, call on your State and all States Parties to the Rome Statute to show support for the Rome Statute system and the International Criminal Court (ICC), especially in the face of threats to its independence and mandate. Although threats to the pursuit of international justice, including in the context of the ICC, are not new, protecting the ICC is particularly important today in the face of escalating hostility towards the Court.

The ICC’s crucial role in complementing the primary role of national courts cannot be overstated. We acknowledge that the ICC would benefit from changes to strengthen its performance, but ensuring a fair, effective, and independent Court depends on support from States Parties. We welcome the reaffirmation of ICC States Parties to “uphold and defend the principles and values enshrined in the Rome Statute and to preserve its integrity undeterred by any threats against the Court.” We urge States Parties to uphold the Rome Statute system by making strong, concrete expressions of support and to defend it by unequivocally condemning threats. The challenges faced by the Court require nothing less.

As you know, on 20 January 2020, one month after the ICC Prosecutor announced that the situation in Palestine merits investigation, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called for “sanctions against the international court, its officials, its prosecutors, everyone.” On 17 March 2020, U.S. Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo threatened to impose punitive measures against two named senior ICC staffers, other ICC staffers, and their families. His remarks came after the ICC authorized an investigation into the situation in Afghanistan. These are among the latest in a series of attacks that undermine the Court itself and intimidate its staff in order to protect political interests at the expense of international justice.

This combination of threats and the U.S. visa ban policy seeks to undermine the Court’s ability to deliver justice to victims whenever States are unwilling or unable to genuinely investigate and prosecute crimes under the Rome Statute. The ICC must be free to carry out its mandate, without fear or favor, on the basis of the legal requirements delineated in the Rome Statute—not on the basis of political considerations.

As a State Party to the Rome Statute, your country has clearly committed to ending impunity for crimes within the ICC’s jurisdiction, regardless of the perpetrator’s nationality. Defending the Court’s independence is key to fulfilling that pledge. We urge you to act with your fellow States Parties to champion the Court’s mandate and independence and uphold the Rome Statute’s integrity by:

  • Expressing your government’s strong and continued commitment to the ICC and its prosecutorial and judicial independence in bilateral, multilateral, and public forums at the domestic, regional, and international levels;
  • Calling on the U.S. government to repeal its ICC visa ban policy and to refrain from attacking the Court, its staff, or their families in any way;
  • Calling on the Israeli government to repudiate its call for sanctions against the Court and its staff;
  • Publicly expressing your government’s determination to cooperate fully with the Court across its work;
  • Calling on all relevant actors to cooperate with the investigation into the situation in Afghanistan and any possible investigation into the situation in Palestine;
  • Ratifying, if not previously done, the Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Criminal Court (APIC);
  • Domesticating, if not previously done, the Rome Statute; and
  • Signing, if not previously done, all relevant cooperation agreements with the ICC (for example, on the protection of witnesses and victims; the release of persons, including interim release; and the enforcement of sentences).

Thank you for your commitment and support for the Rome Statute system and the ICC.

Sincerely,
ACAT-Burundi
ACAT-Switzerland 
Action Humaine pour le Développement Intégré au Sénégal (AHDIS) 
Africa Center for International Law and Accountability 
Africa Legal Aid (AFLA) 
African Development and Peace Initiative 
AL Ensan Center for think individual development 
Al-Haq 
Amman Center for Human Rights Studies 
Anfal Storys Organization 
Arry Organization for Human Rights  
Asociación Pro Derechos Humanos de España  
Association Française pour la promotion de la Compétence Universelle (AFPCU) 
Australian Centre for International Justice 
Avocats Sans Frontières 
Bema Organization for Economic and Social Rights
Center for Civil Liberties 
Center for Constitutional Rights 
Center for Justice and Accountability 
Civil Association Democracia Global – Movimiento por la Unión Sudamericana y el Parlamento Mundial 
Civil Rights Defenders (CRD) 
Coalition Ivoirienne pour la CPI 
Coalition Malienne pour la CPI/CM-CPI 
Comisión Mexicana de Defensa y Promoción de los Derechos Humanos 
Comision por la Carta Democratica Interamericana 
COMPPART Foundation for Justice and Peacebuilding – Nigeria 
Congo Peace Initiative 
Culture pour la Paix et la Justice (CPJ)
Defence of Human Rights – Pakistan 
Documenta – Center for Dealing with the Past 
Dr. Denis Mukwege Foundation 
EuroMed Rights 
Fédération internationale pour les Droits Humains (FIDH) 
Femmes et Droits Humains 
Fundacion Federalista Dominicana 
Fundacion Nacional para la Democracia  
Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect 
Housing and Land Rights Network – Habitat International Coalition 
Human Rights Center (HRIDC) – Georgia 
Human Rights Center of Azerbaijan 
Human Rights Center ZMINA 
Human Rights Concern – Eritrea (HRCE) 
Human Rights Defenders Solidarity Network Uganda 
Human Rights Watch  
Humanitarian Law Center – Belgrade 
International Commission of Jurists – Norway 
Initiatives for Peace and Human Rights (iPeace) 
Institute for Environmental Security, Green Transparency and Ecological Defence Integrity 
International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms 
International Coalition Against Impunity-HOKOK 
International Coalition for the Responsibility to Protect
International Commission of Jurists – Kenya 
International Platform of Jurists for East Timor (IPJET) 
Iranian Center for International Criminal Law (ICICL) 
Justice International 
Kenya Human Rights Commission 
Kurdish Organizations Network Coalition for the International Criminal Court (KON-CICC) 
Kurdistan without Genocide 
La Comisión de Derechos Humanos de El Salvador (CDHES) 
La Ligue Burundaise des droits de l’homme Iteka 
Lawyers for Justice in Libya 
Lawyers for Palestinian Human Rights 
Le Center Marocain de la Paix et la Loi 
Le Club des amis du droit du Congo 
Le Groupe LOTUS – RDC 
MADRE 
Mission for Establishment of Human Rights (MEHR) 
MOM Organization 
Mouvement Panafricain de la Jeunesse Féminine pour la paix 
National Centre for Human Rights and Development (NACFOHRD) 
Norwegian Helsinki Committee 
Nuba Women Organization for Development  
Observatoire Centrafricain des Droits de l’Homme (OCDH) 
Odhikar 
Open Society Justice Initiative 
Organization Against Weapons of Mass Destruction in Kurdistan 
Organization of the Justice Campaign 
Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR) 
Parliamentarians for Global Action 
REDRESS 
Regional Centre for Human Rights – Ukraine 
Reporters sans frontières / Reporters Without Borders (RSF) 
Réseau Equitas Côte d’Ivoire (REQCI)  
Rights for Peace 
Rights International Spain (RIS) 
Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights 
SACCORD 
Sahayta 
Society for Threatened Peoples – Switzerland 
SOS-Torture/Burundi 
Southern Africa Litigation Centre (SALC) 
StoptheDrugWar.org 
Students for Global Democracy – Uganda 
Sudanese Women Human Rights Defenders Project 
Sudanese Women Rights Action  
Swedish Foundation for Human Rights 
The Arab Center for the Independence of the Judiciary and Legal Profession (ACIJLP) 
Transitional Justice Coordination Group 
Transitional Justice Working Group of Liberia 
TRIAL International 
Tunisian Coalition for the ICC 
Union for Civil Liberty – Thailand 
United Church of Christ, Justice and Witness Ministries 
United Nations Association – Sweden 
United Nations Association of Greater Philadelphia 
Voluntary Aid Association – India
WITNESS 
Women’s Initiatives for Gender Justice 
World Citizens Association of Australia 
World Federalist Movement – Institute for Global Policy (WFM-IGP) 
World Renewers Organization 
World Without Genocide at Mitchell Hamline School of Law